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Risk factors for Suicide American Psychological Association.

APA is the leading scientific and professional organization representing psychology in the United States, with more than 121,000 researchers, educators, clinicians, consultants and students as its members.

Our Work

Our mission is to promote the advancement, communication, and application of psychological science and knowledge to benefit society and improve lives. We do this by:

  • Utilizing psychology to make a positive impact on critical societal issues.
  • Elevating the public’s understanding of, regard for, and use of psychology.
  • Preparing the discipline and profession of psychology for the future.
  • Strengthening APA’s standing as an authoritative voice for psychology.

APA affiliate and associate members include psychology students, teachers of psychology and other mental health professionals. They also include psychologists who live outside of the United States and Canada.

Together, they create a rich and diverse membership poised to communicate the unique benefits psychology provides to health and wellness; advocate for the discipline to become more fully incorporated into health research and delivery systems; position psychology as the science of behavior; and increase public awareness of the benefits psychology brings to daily living.


Risk Factors for Suicide


Talking About Dying

Any mention of dying, disappearing, jumping, shooting oneself or other types of self harm

Recent Loss

Through death, divorce, separation, broken relationship, self-confidence, self-esteem, loss of interest in friends, hobbies or activities previously enjoyed

Change in Personality

Sad, withdrawn, irritable, anxious, tired, indecisive, apathetic

Change in Behavior

Can’t concentrate on school, work or routine tasks

Change in Sleep Patterns

Insomnia, often with early waking or oversleeping, or nightmares

Change in Eating Habits

Loss of appetite and weight, or overeating

Fear of Losing Control

Acting erratically, harming self or others

Low Self-esteem

Feeling worthless, shame, overwhelming guilt, self-hatred, “everyone would be better off without me.”


A consumer resource featuring information related to psychological issues affecting your daily physical and emotional well-being. Refer to our fact sheet series to learn how psychologists can help.Need to talk to someone? Specialists are available for confidential telephone counseling.

Check out Helpline Resources to reach out for help and advice here.

[sc_fs_faq html=”true” headline=”h2″ img=”” question=”Which risk factors?” img_alt=”” css_class=””] Risk factors are characteristics of a person or his or her environment that increase the likelihood that he or she will die by suicide (i.e., suicide risk). Major risk factors for suicide include: Prior suicide attempt(s) Misuse and abuse of alcohol or other drugs Mental disorders, particularly depression and other mood disorders Access to lethal means Knowing someone who died by suicide, particularly a family member Social isolation Chronic disease and disability Lack of access to behavioral health care [/sc_fs_faq]



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